UNDERSTANDING NETWORK DESIGN IP ADRESS & SUBNETTING

Tujuan

  • —Mengenal IP Address, bisa mengidentifikasinya dan bisa menggunakannya dalam membangun jaringan.
  • —Bisa memperbanyak network address dengan melakukan subnetting.
  • —Bisa mengetahui block IP sebuah subnet dengan membaca sebuah CIDR notation.

IP Adress

  • —An IP address is a number that uniquely identifies every host on an IP network.
  • —IPv4, menggunakan 4 byte (32 bit) alamat berupa 32 String binary bits.
  • —IPv6, menggunakan 16 byte (128 bit).
  • —Supaya IP address lebih mudah dibaca, dotted decimal notation digunakan untuk membagi address dalam 4 bytes terpisah dengan format W.X.Y.Z Contoh : 128.192.56.1
  • —IP stands for Internet Protocol, and its primary purpose is to enable communication between networks.
  • a 32‐bit IP address actually consists of two parts:
    • —The network ID (or network address): Identifies the network on which a host computer can be found.
    • —The host ID (or host address):Identifies a specific device on the network indicated by the network ID.

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