Routing Protocols pada Holistic Network di Era Big Data

Routing Protocols pada Holistic Network di Era Big Data

 

Zaid Amin,

Universitas Bina Darma: Fakultas Ilmu Komputer, Teknik Informatika,

Palembang, Sumatera Selatan, Indonesia,

zaidamin@binadarma.ac.id

 

Abstract-Era “Big Data” telah menjadi suatu tantangan  besar yang harus dihadapi oleh suatu jaringan komputer untuk dapat reliable menghantarkan data, dan sekaligus menjadi jembatan bagi ketersediaan lalu lintas data, baik dalam hal layanan pengolahan, penyimpanan dan analisa data yang berukuran besar, memiliki tingkat variasi tinggi dari beberapa sumber yang disampaikan dari sumber secara realtime ke tujuan. Pengaruh pemilihan protokol routing dengan klasifikasi static routing atau dynamic routing seperti RIP, EIGRP, OSPF, IS-IS dan BGP layaknya harus sesuai dengan kebutuhan setiap user dengan memperhatikan tantangan dan kebutuhan di era big data. Pada penelitian ini digunakan metode perancangan jaringan dengan model PPDIOO yaitu, Prepare, Plan, Design, Implement, Operate, and Optimize dan menghasilkan rekomendasi mengenai kebutuhan desain arsitektur dan jenis protokol routing yang tepat ditinjau dari karakteristik jaringan dengan memahami konsep distance vector protocol atau link-state protocol, untuk digunakan oleh jaringan dalam menyediakan layanan yang dapat diandalkan dengan konsep arsitektur holistic network di era big data.

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Big Data : Google Flu Trends

Our world is generating data at a speed faster than ever before. In year 2010, 5 Exabytes (1018 bytes, or 1 billion Gigabytes) of data were created every two days, which exceed the total amount of information that was created by human beings from the dawn of civilization to year 2003.1 Till 2020, over 40 Zettabytes (1021 bytes) of data would be created, replicated, and consumed.2 With the overwhelming amount of data pouring into our lives, from anywhere, anytime, and any device, we are undoubtedly entering the era of Big Data.

1

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Network Layer Routing Part I

When a device has multiple paths to reach a destination, it always selects one path by preferring it over others. This selection process is termed as Routing. Routing is done by special network devices called routers or it can be done by means of software processes.The software based routers have limited functionality and limited scope.

A router is always configured with some default route. A default route tells the router where to forward a packet if there is no route found for specific destination. In case there are multiple path existing to reach the same destination, router can make decision based on the following information:

  • Hop Count
  • Bandwidth
  • Metric
  • Prefix-length
  • Delay

Routes can be statically configured or dynamically learnt. One route can be configured to be preferred over others.

A. Unicast Routing

Most of the traffic on the internet and intranets known as unicast data or unicast traffic is sent with specified destination. Routing unicast data over the internet is called unicast routing. It is the simplest form of routing because the destination is already known. Hence the router just has to look up the routing table and forward the packet to next hop.

unicast_routing

 

Picture 1 : Unicast Routing

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